Since the 2000s, with the arrival of digital tools, designers have freed themselves from the usual technical limitations and have gone beyond standardized shapes. Patrick Jouin is a pioneer with his chair Solid C2 created by stereolithography. Motion capture and drawing by hand, directly in space, has allowed furniture to be materialized by rapid prototyping, the Swedish collective Front has allowed passage from gesture to object.

Using 3D printing, the fashion designer Iris van Herpen also explores forms that are both unique and spectacular, at the border between science and design, Joris Laarman has in this way succeeded in reproducing the flight of a bird simulated by a cinema program while Olivier van Herpt has created new surface effects by applying this technology, not to resins but instead to ceramic.