The Duchesse de Berry and her son

After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, the French monarchy was restored. Two of Louis XVI’s brothers – Louis XVIII, then Charles X – reigned until 1830. Charles X’s daughter-in-law, the Duchesse de Berry, moved into the Pavillon de Marsan where she led a luxurious lifestyle. She adopted the new fashion for light woods, contrasting with the Empire’s taste for mahogany. Light wood veneers, admired for their wavy, speckled surfaces, were decorated with gilt bronze mounts or inlaid with dark wood. Charles X furniture is characterized by its curved lines.

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