The walls of this room feature panels inlaid with different species of wood in the Italian “intarsia” tradition. The Renaissance style blossomed during the reign of François 1, and the Italian ornamental repertoire flourished in the decoration of wooden chests and paneling in princely homes. The fashion for portraits that emerged in the second half of the fifteenth century spread to private houses. The portraits of Mary of Burgundy and Emperor Maximilian of Austria belong to the Flemish school; that of Maria of Hungary, sister of Charles V, is an antique copy of a portrait painted by Titian in 1548. The French school is represented by a remarkable portrait of Jacques de Brouillard, from the workshop of François Clouet.